North Dakota Enhanced Estates and the Uniform Probate Code

North Dakota is just one of 10 states to adopt the Uniform Probate Code’s augmented estate concept. Augmented estates enable disinherited spouses to claim a share of their partner’s property if they were disinherited.

Although many states allow spouses to claim an optional share, North Dakota’s legislature adopted the idea of enabling a spouse to receive more than an elective share, which normally just consists of probate property. In North Dakota, disinherited spouses can get a portion of the decedent’s increased estate, which consists of probate and non-probate properties.
According to the North Dakota Century Code, an enduring spouse can submit a composed election within 9 months of the decedent’s death or within 6 months of the date his will was probated, whichever happens later on. The making it through spouse needs to submit the written enhanced estate election within this timeframe or she waives her right to receive the enhanced estate. By waiving her right to receive an increased estate, the surviving spouse simply takes what her hubby left her in his will. However, if she elects the augmented estate, she will receive 50 percent of his probate and non-probate property.

A decedent’s increased estate is usually the worth of his estate minus funeral, homestead exemptions, administration expenses, consisting of burial and probate expenditures, and family allowances. The increased estate is also minimized by the quantity of legitimate and enforceable claims by a decedent’s lenders.
Drafted as part of a joint effort between the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and the Real Estate, Probate and Trust Law Area of the American Bar Association, the drafters completed the first edition of the Uniform Probate Code in 1969. Just 16 total states embraced the whole Uniform Probate Code at the time of publication, including South Dakota and North Dakota, and only 10 states embraced the Uniform Probate Code’s section concerning increased estates. To help partners avoid complete disinheritance through their spouse’s wills, many states enable spouses to take optional shares or shares of a minimum of one-third to one-half of their spouse’s overall probate estate. The optional share and enhanced estate statutes allow states to secure the financial wellness of partners from unreasonable property circulations.